car insurance for
The minimum driving age varies from state to state. In South Dakota, teens are permitted to drive at 14 years and 6 months old; in New Jersey, you have to wait until you’re 17.
While it can be exciting to get your license, there are a few legal and administrative hurdles to overcome first. The most important of these is insurance. For teens and young drivers (and often their parents) insurance is a major financial commitment. This guide will walk you through the steps involved, and explain how you can reduce the potential insurance premiums.
Why are teen drivers
so expensive to insure?
Put simply, teen drivers are expensive to insure because they are far more likely to crash. Insurance rates are effectively a monetization of risk: the more risk insurance companies see you to be, the higher your premiums will be.
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death for Americans aged under 18, with more than 4,000 fatalities per year. Teenagers are four times more likely to crash than any other age group. In 2015, 2,333 U.S. drivers aged between 16-19 were killed, and 235,845 were in a crash significant enough to end up in the emergency room .
Moreover, American car fatalities are more than twice as high as comparable developed nations, as the Data below shows
- united kingdom5.4
- united states13.9
When should you tell
your insurance company?
Generally speaking, your insurance company will contact you when your child reaches an age where they can begin driving. When you apply for insurance, you usually get asked for your children’s dates of birth. Because of this, they will be proactive in getting in touch when they think there’s another eligible driver in the household.
How to get insurance for a teen
When you decide to sign your teen up for insurance, follow the below steps to make sure everything is as smooth and simple as possible:
Call your insurance company
(you can do this in writing or online,
but it is far simpler to talk through
options with someone on the phone).
Discuss with your insurance provider about the changes to the policy (or the new policy if you’re putting the teen on a separate policy). Be sure to get the following information:
- Minimum Coverage
- Maximum Coverage
Ask your provider about all of the different permutations of insurance, and what discounts they offer. Most insurance companies have a multi-car discount, meaning that you can save by adding a driver with their own car and ‘bundling’ the insurance together.
Provide the insurance company with the teen’s
driving license information as well as the
details of the new vehicle
(if they have one).
Should I add my teen to my own policy?
By far the most common option is for parents to add a teenager to their own insurance policy. In most cases, this works out as a cheaper option (although you should still get quotes to determine if it is in your case). According to Progressive, there are two instances in which it may be preferable for the teen to have their own insurance policy:
If you have a luxury sports car that your teen will not drive. On a single plan, the insurance company will assume that all drivers will drive all cars. Your premium will reflect the fact that your teen may have access to your luxury sports car.
If your teen wants to be financially independent.
In all other instances, it will almost certainly be cheaper to add your teen to your policy.
To give an example: the average annual cost of car insurance for all drivers in the United States is $1,427 per annum. The average cost for a 16-year-old to have their own policy in 2017 was $6,573.
How expensive is it?
Actual insurance rates vary based on a variety of information. However, the biggest determinant is the actual age of the driver. Prices drop as a driver moves through their teen years (and their rate of crashing drops accordingly). The table below shows the declining per annum insurance rates for teenagers.
Is there a difference between male and female premiums?
Insurance companies profile drivers based on the behavior of other drivers. Statistics regularly show that male teens are more likely to have crashes than their female counterparts.
In California, for example:
- the average insurance
for a male teen in 2017
- for a female it was
$3,030 – nearly a
diffrence of $1,000
Do the premiums vary from state to state?
State premiums vary greatly throughout the United States. The image (below) shows how there are major regional disparities in average premiums.
The most expensive state for a teen driver is Michigan, driven primarily by the No-Fault Driving Law in place there. Teen drivers in Michigan can expect to pay $12,654 per annum for insurance, or more than $1,000 per month.
By contrast, the least expensive state, by some distance is Hawaii, where teen drivers pay $1,253 per annum.
tips for saving money
Despite the fact that insuring a teen is likely to increase your monthly or annual premiums, there are a number of ways that you can save money. Your insurance company won’t always be forthcoming about these discounts (for obvious reasons), so make sure to enquire about them.
Good Student Discounts
Many insurance companies will offer discounts for who have and maintain a good GPA. This is usually fixed at the 3.0 or B level. This is based on actuarial calculations showing that students who perform well in school are less likely to get into car accidents.
Take Driver’s Education
If your state doesn’t require driver’s education, it’s still a solid idea to take the course, as it will show to insurance companies that you’re a responsible and informed driver and you will see a reduction in your premiums.
take additional driving courses
Like taking driver’s ed., taking an advanced driving course will reduce your premium (although you should confirm in advance of signing up that your insurance company recognizes it).
Teens who take a training course are 43% less likely to get a ticket, 14% less likely to get into a crash, and 19% less likely to be involved in a fatal accident.
Get a practical car
The car you drive affects your insurance premium in two key ways.
- Firstly, it indicates the likelihood of having an accident. A faster car increases the chances a car with more advanced driving features reduces the chances.
- Secondly, the type of car affects how expensive a crash may be. If you’re driving a car that requires imported components, a small crash will be an expensive one for your insurance company (and ultimately for you).
According to research by The Zebra, the top ten cheapest cars to insure are:
- Honda CR-V$ 1,232
- Honda Odyssey$ 1,260
- Jeep Cherokee$ 1,265
- Ford Escape$ 1,269
- Dodge Grand Caravan$ 1,278
- Chevrolet Equinox$ 1,282
- Jeep Wrangler$ 1,288
- Kia Sedona$ 1,308
- Toyota Sienna$ 1,321
- Subaru Forester$ 1,321
Get a higher deductible
A higher deductible will increase your out-of-pocket expenses in the event of a crash, although this will keep your premiums down. If your teen drives an older car (and one that you own outright), then it may not be worth repairing in the event of a crash. In this case, having a higher deductible, and skipping collision and comprehensive coverage will be a better financial option.
If your teen is a college student
If your teen is a college student at a college more than 100 miles away from home (and without access to a car) then you can get a typical insurance discount of 7% . This is because the insurance company sees the teen as less likely to drive and therefore less of a risk.
What can raise the cost
of insurance premiums?
The above steps are all geared towards lowering premiums. However, there are factors that can greatly influence premiums. Avoiding these is essential if car insurance is to be affordable.
On average, a DUI increases a teen’s annual insurance premiums by $2,398. By contrast, an adult’s premium will rise only $813 for a similar offence. This varies on a state-by-state basis.
The top ten states for teen DUI premium raises are listed in the data below (N.B. these numbers are the additional amount, on top of the annual premiums):
*Annual premium increase post-DUI
Like a DUI, teens caught for speeding will also see an increase in their premiums. According to NerdWallet research, a teen driving 11-15 mph over the limit will get an increase of just under $700 on their premium.
Knowing the facts and figures behind car insurance rates for young drivers will help parents and teens make smart, informed decisions. Getting insurance for a teen driver is a major financial outlay, but one that can be mitigated with a little knowledge.